Amritsar in Punjab, The Golden City or the City of the Golden Temple, holds a very special place in the Indian history of pre-independence Era.
The Akal Takht
Colloquially known as ‘Ambarsar’ by the Punjabis, and historically as ‘Ramdaspur’, the city of Amritsar is home to the Akal Takht, the highest seat of authority of the earthly body of the Khalsa Pant (the collective body of the Sikhs). The Akal Takht is located exactly opposite to the Golden Temple.
The Golden Temple – Sri Harmandir Sahib/Sri Darbar Sahib
Perhaps the most iconic place in Amritsar, and the landmark which got Amritsar its name as the Golden city, The Golden temple is the holiest Gurudwara of the Sikhs, just as Mecca is to Muslims and Haridwar to the Hindus. This important Sikh shrine attracts more visitors than the Taj Mahal with more than 100,000 visitors on weekdays. The Langar served in the Harmindar Sahib complex feeds 100,000 People a Day for free.
The Jallianwala Bagh massacre
The Jallianwala Bagh Massacre, which involved the killing of thousands of innocent men and women, on the orders of a senior British military officer, Reginald Edward Harry Dyer. The unfortunate event took place on 13 April 1919 in the Jallianwala Bagh, a garden near the Golden Temple, on a day sacred to them as the birth anniversary of the Khalsa.
The Bullet marks on the walls of the Jallianwala Bagh stand as a testimony to the brutal day in the history of Amritsar.
The Martyrs well in the Jalianwala Bagh, where many people jumped and died.
The Memorial in the Jalianwala Bagh which also houses the Amar Jyoti as a token of respect to the civilians who died in the masssacre.
Amritsar also has other famous places to visit such as the Durgiana Temple, and Ramtirth Temple. The Ramtirth Temple is supposedly believed to be the Ashram site of Sage Valmiki, the writer of the Ramayana. Also, it is believed that Goddess Sita gave birth to the sons of Lord Rama – Luv and Kush at the Ramtirth Temple.
Amritsar is famous for tourism, carpets and fabrics, farm produce, handicrafts, service trades, and light engineering. The city is known for its rich cuisine, and culture too.